5 — Space Objects

5,1, - Electron’ cycle, 5,1, i Space Observations, 5,3, ii, Orbits and Galaxies, 5,3, iii, Matters easily fissibles,

5,2 - The matters of our Planet, 5,2, i, The Gravitic clouds, 5,2, ii, The Air,

5,2, iii, The Water, 5,2, iiii, The Sun’ Rays,

5,3 - Nuclear Energy, 5,4 - Electricity, 5,5 - Our Search for Energy

(16 pages)

5,1 — Electron’ Cycle

The indestructible electrons are the only constituents of the Universe. By accident, — called singularity in Physics—some combine with each other, forming compounds, some being indestructible as well, and create stars and their planets and other objects that are invisible to us. After several billions of years, these compounds reappear scattered in immense nebulae and clouds, accompanied by some bodies elaborated in stars and other unfamiliar objects.

It is an endless cycle, part of which is hidden from us.

We are going to tell a possible version, despite all the many unknowns, all the aspects that we do not yet see and do not yet understand, and which are constantly evolving.

We shall begin the description in a nebula.

They are very numerous in the galaxies between stars and various other objects. These are poorly defined immense expanses of transparent or dark clouds diversingly coloured. They are mostly compound by the remains, very scattered, of stars and other space objects, with very numerous various small elements which are visible to us from a certain degree of this activity onwards, as explained in the previous chapters.

5,1, i - Observations of the space

For our study of the phenomena in the Universe out of our planet, we use information given by the astronomers, commentated by other scholars, astrophysicists, physicists, theorists, philosophers, all of same as scientists…

But our comments are difficult because their explanations don’t match with main elements of the Électronisme, mainly on the following points:

    1. Light doesn't exist in the Universe. Light is only a sensation for some living beings.

    2. The astronomical observations are based on the space disturbances, but the quality of the observed objects varies with the spacelenghts of the waves.

    3. The astrophysicists commentaries are limited by the stiffness of the Big Bang Model as it is known and constantly recalled nowadays.

    4. The energy don't exist free in space or in its objects matters.

Current astronomical observations, in intergalactic space, give us images of more or less structured light clouds, forming the WHIM, — for Warm – Hot Intergalactic Medium—which might correspond to the presence of very scattered small elements and particles that astrophysicists have always encountered and recognised in space. These elements and particles could be clusters linked by gravitic clouds of compounds, created from electrons of the ether. They could form objects, planets or stars, classified as orphan, and would be the basis for the creation of new galaxies.

    1. They confirm the formation of space objects with the electrons of the ether of space.

  1. We arrived to a question without answer for us:

    1. How and to which extend, the atmospheres of all stars and other space objects of the Milky Way could disturb our observations of the space in our galaxy and beyond?

    2. Could, in the intergalactic space, exist some «pre-WHIM», which should be badly visible or invisible for us, because they should be confound with the particles winds of the stars in our Galaxy?

    3.     New Gaia satellite, launched last december 2013, should bring us an answer…

Intragalactic nebulae are naturally different from each other and contain diluted material considered to be "dust and gas." These terms do not correspond to what we know on Earth by these words, where they are well defined meaning.

The dust in the nebulae should be big particles, like protons and atom nuclei, no constituted in gaseous matter, — as we know them on our planet—beside real gas clouds. The whole could be as the normal atmosphere around big usual space objects like our Sun and Earth.

In the very low temperature of these nebulae, these very different bodies re-form their gravitic clouds, moving and growing by accretion, incorporating elements of atoms and free compounds and increasing the level of thermic agitation. These phenomena can be triggered by external inputs of electrons from disturbances in space that accelerate the evolution of compounds.

5,1, ii - Planets Orbits and Shape of the Galaxies

The current explanations of the rotation of the objects on themselves and their revolution around an other object, mention various phenomena like gravitational collapse and fundamental constants.

In Électronisme, these elements do not exist.

They are replaced by the phenomena described in the previous chapters, like, mainly, the creating of the gravity and gravitic clouds around all objects and their evolution with the increase of thermic agitation.

    1. The gravitic clouds explain that the planets orbits around Sun are all in the same plan, that was discovered in 2008.

    2. On January 2013, was announced that the small galaxies, around the voluminous Andromeda, are also all in the same plan.

  1. The shape of the galaxies could depend on the same phenomenon:

The volume of the winds of the stars is modified permanently according to the contact more or less strong with those of other nearby or remote stars in their galaxies. It is very understandable that the stellar winds increase and go away the most in the area of the diameter of the fastest rotation of the stars and the accumulation of all of these flat atmospheres create galaxies of the same shape, with growths by extra stars which are created in different aspects.

    1. Is like this, more than by meetings and collisions, that the galaxies are increasing.

In the nebula, the scattered elements combine with free electron of the ether, and those of the waves of the space disturbances. Then they group together, move and form new compounds. The free protons and those in atoms nuclei, created in previous stars in the complete electron life cycle, form again their gravitic clouds, creating molecules and very various matters, according to the existing compounds and the thermic agitation level.

5,1, iii - Easy Fissionable Matters

Atoms, molecules and other compounds are recreated in the nebula, by electrons entanglement and bringing together with interpenetration of their gravitic clouds.

In this matter under creating, atoms with heavy and very heavy nucleus, form relatively very large gravitic clouds, which link together even again by entanglement. The so-created matters are not very strong naturally.

They are easily or spontaneously fissile according to the level of thermic agitation in their environment.

These matters, those easily fissile and the other, are created in different areas of the nebula, and then split into different objects of very various size. The largest form the stars, in which thermic agitation of the compounds under creating becomes fast higher than this of the environment. Meanwhile, the smallest objects remain under dependence of the temperature of the nebula space and this of the galaxy in where they are existing.

In the stars, all kinds of the matters are quickly changed into plasma which becomes the no-matter of the whole of the objects.

The tellurian planets should be constituted with very different amounts of the easy fissile matters, very sensitive to the change of the temperature in the object. Their evolution could continue after creating. Some planets remain mostly rocky, like our Earth, with more or less rapid changes in the fissile matters.

Other planets become aqueous or gaseous, due to a different evolution, according to our explanations here-below in this chapter.

As explained in the previous chapter, every change in the matter bring about increases of the thermic agitation and the sizes of the compounds and their gravitic clouds. Meanwhile are created waves of disturbances of the space ether, with, at some special frequencies, possibilities to be observed with our special natural and artificial devices.

The matter of our Earth was constituted during the creating of the stellar system, 4,8 billions years ago. All the atoms and molecules of different masses of matters were existing while differentiation was making between our star and its small planets.

    1. From this time, on or inside the Earth, there is never creating of new atom, and the matter has been only very slightly evolved.

5,1, iiii - Other Space’ Objects

In the nebula, the matter is constituted, forming bodies progressively bigger.

Then protostars are formed, which still increase and become star systems, a star surrounded by its winds of gravitic clouds, and some various small objects, their planets and other stones or rocks of different size…

In the stars, the electrons entanglements continue, with increase of the gravity and thermic agitation. Through several billions of years, new protons are created and their groupings form nuclei of atoms, by «fusion», that means entanglement of the protons through their electrons, or, for very big atom nuclei, by gravitic links of their clouds. The thermic agitation is increasing and when it is very high, meetings between free elements and compounds are very numerous,. When they intermingle, that causes an interpenetration of their gravitic clouds.

Then the elements created are progressively more compact and less mobile. Thermic agitation increases further once more and eventually ends up preventing movement.

The star is transformed into a reduced object, a real concentration of masses, volumes and energy of all its electrons.

In the masses of entangled electrons, basic particles continue to vibrate without moving — the vibrations of electrons never stop —. There is not any more electron entanglement and therefore there is not any more any disturbance of space and any increase in thermal agitation.

It is a black hole, or other object, that we cannot see. It is invisible to us directly, but perceptible by its influence in certain areas of galaxies. It can hide some objects from us and grow by absorbing stellar winds and particles surrounding other stars or coming from other galaxies.

As compounds can no longer move in very compact material, the temperature of objects decreases and their constituting materials are changed. This is a phase of no constituted matter that remains imperceptible to us.

These different objects come one after the other and this can last a very long time. Billions or tens of billions of years, during which materials gradually break down by the action of vibrations of electrons.

Some compounds, such as protons and many of their groupings into nuclei are never broken up because they are held together by the entanglements of electrons, and we have seen in previous chapters that these links are indestructible. There is a phase of unconstituted matter, which remains imperceptible for us.

Then there activity is resumed step by step, certainly incited by the electrons of the space disturbances which could start new electrons links. The clouds of black or dark matters appear in nebula or are themselves nebula, when the entanglements and gravitic links of the electrons are carried out at a frequency which make them sensible for us.

The life cycle of an electron is completed. Another begins…

5,2— The Matters

Thought the rules of functioning of electrons are everywhere and always applied in the same way, astrophysicists observations explain that billions of billions objects exist and are created permanently in the space. All are different from the other, with probably atoms and other various compounds of unimaginable existence and shapes.

Some features are determined by the environmental medium in which they are created and where they exist and evolve, then they replace.

Our understanding of materials depends primarily on the way we see them. It is us, Human Beings, who classify and differentiate them and consider exotic all very infrequent elements in our constituted matter. We are allowed to think that those of our galaxy may have common features, whereas in other star clusters, near or far, elements that we cannot even imagine would form. From there sometimes a ray could reach us that we call a cosmic ray…

On Earth and in all objects at medium temperature, material is defined as constituted (composed of various compounds), and this material would represent only less than one percent of what is called matter in the observable universe.

Within our value system, we can distinguish different situations.

    1. 1 - The "cold" environments at a temperature below approximately 200 kelvins. This situation is mainly found in space, nebulae and other objects which are barely visible or not visible to us, containing widely scattered compounds or diluted materials. As we cannot see them, we know nothing about their values, amounts or simply if they exist.

    2. 2 - Environments with a moderate temperature for us, living beings, who developed in an environment with some thermal agitation — that we call heat —, between about 200 and 2000 kelvins.

    3. 3 - The “hot” type of environment is that of objects, whose model is the Sun, with a higher continuously increasing thermic agitation. Gravity also increases. At certain levels of these two manifestations, important compounds are created, but the materials no longer have any tangible reality as we know it on our planet.

The other 99 percents comprise substances apparently different, called plasma. They are all constituted of unknown elements, which could be variations of those we know on our planet, at different states of evolution and increase of the thermic agitation with creating and changes of the compounds.

5,2, i - Gravitic Clouds

Scientists call "magnetic fields" the areas of particle winds around the Sun, the Earth and other space objects. They define them by images and measures that apply to the movement of particles whose origin and quality are not defined.

    1. Physicists know quite well that no serious explanation has been found for neither the origin nor the functioning of these so-called magnetic fields, surrounding all objects in space.

According to Électronisme, they correspond to gravitic clouds around stars and every other object and compound, as we have explained above and in Chapter III.

They are constituted of particles and various small compounds and their features correspond to those attributed to the atmospheres around objects, — like the air of our Earth, as explained here below—with winds depending on the permanent moves and changes in the matters, creating the gravity in these objects. All the matters rays on the limits of these objects form their atmospheres. They greatly depends on the variations of the thermic agitation in the matters and their gravitic clouds.

    1. -Physicists know that the gravity in and around Earth varies with the qualities of the matters near the site of the measure.

      1. -In this way, a precise value of the gravity in our planet had never been fixed. Nevertheless, one of its figures is used by physicists as this of the gravitational attraction, considered as a fundamental constant of the Universe, that is not acceptable.

    1. -The gravitic fields and their particles winds around the objects in the solar system, are depending on the Sun’ atmosphere and changes, very well watched, of the Sun’ surface and other continuous variations on the observable parts of our star.

    2. -The meteorological phenomena on Earth depend on atmospheric winds and their temperature, which are all linked together, as they are also to large massifs of superficial matters, like water or rocky ranges of mountains and to their permanent changes by their internal movements and vibrations of their components.

The shape of the gravitic field of our star, presently called magnetic field, could depend on the particles winds around other large objects in our Galaxy. It could be explained by the existence of some big objects during the creating of the solar system, in the galaxy.

Between the Earth and the Sun, an area called "magnetosphere" is the moving boundary of the gravitic system of the Earth, into the general gravitic system of the Sun.

"Sunspots" we can observe on the Sun and all its granulations might correspond to particular gravitic areas, different from that of the complete one of the star. All events in these spots locally modify stellar winds with rapid repercussions on the winds and climate of the planets, in the whole solar system, and elsewhere in the galaxy.

Recent observations give great importance to solar activity, influencing the current climate phenomena on Earth. Astrophysicists indicate that the action of solar winds could be influenced by cosmic rays. These could be wind particles coming from other stars in the galaxy.

We find again in the Earth's atmosphere, the primary phenomena of electricity in the form of lightning, storm sparks and an electrical explanation of the importance of uncontrollable either dry or marine hurricanes and cyclones.

Recent surveys from the Fermi orbital observatory show storm phenomena throughout the whole depth of the Earth's atmosphere, with powers similar to those of gamma radiations that are composed of small elements.

5,2, ii - The Air

The air in our atmosphere corresponds to "winds of particles", as we have just explained above, with gravity, discussed in Chapter III.

This is a particular case of no constituted matter, existing in varying amounts in all the gravitic environment of Earth, up to the Earth's magnetosphere, including, and this does not come as a surprise to us, in all the interstices of the solid matter of our giant ball. Air always has the same composition, although oxygen or nitrogen act in the material which seems to contain them.

Like other gravitic clouds around all objects in space, «earth winds» are a mixture of atoms, often reduced to their nucleus, and other very varied small compounds moving side by side and which, in the atmosphere or "on earth" cannot naturally bind to others.

Different elements form inside the cloud more or less stable materials. Ozone is a "chemical" gas, creating a separate object in the gravitic environment of Earth.

The influence of "sunspots" is transmitted to us through our atmosphere and the Sun’s atmosphere.

Pollution in some areas of the atmosphere, by dust or soot or ozone, for example, is not moved by currents of the lower atmosphere, but by “planetary” winds, which concern the totality of the gravitic field of Earth, and probably by solar wind.

5,2, iii - The Water

On our planet, as well as in others, another important quasi matter must be considered differently from what we qualify as constituted matter.

This is water.

It is a substance that can dissociate into its components without modifying them. It is present everywhere on our planet, and participates without consequences to itself, in many phenomena.

It "dissolves" many products without modifying or incorporating them. It is present everywhere in more or less relevant quantities, with provisional actions, particularly in the form of steam in "solid" matter and in the air. Steam is not a gas, but a bursting into tiny scattered droplets of liquid water, which cannot turn into gas without the dissociation of its components.

Water fills oceans, which account for 71% of the earth's surface, but only 0.23% of its volume, because we know only the water which is present in the outer crust.

It is not present in nebulae either in the form of molecules or in the form of atoms. But it exists, a few billion years later, in the matter constituting planets. It therefore appears at some stage between the accretion of compounds in the nebulae and the planetary formation.

Its creation is not yet fully understood.

Électronisme Physics allows us to attempt an explanation.

In the electron cycle in the first part of this chapter we saw that the nuclei of atoms, formed in the stars, find themselves after several billion years in the nebulae where they have re-formed their gravitic clouds, then combine with each other to constitute matter by a series of entanglements and gravitic links, according to compounds present at the time and to the level of thermic agitation.

All materials constituted by gravitic links are easily fissionable, especially if they have heavy nuclei composed of many protons and neutrons. These are uranium ores.

During the formation of protostars, planets and other objects, these masses of fissile materials are distributed according to the successive accretions in the entire range of the matter of these objects.

Then the materials continue to evolve within them, and the increases in thermal agitation lead to the destruction, by fission, of part of the fissile material, particularly in the outer portion of these objects, in contact with the atmosphere that contains oxygen.

This phenomenon takes place according to the process that we know and we have in nuclear plants and "natural reactors" such as the Oklo one, in Gabon:

During an increase of the thermic agitation in the concerned matters, fissions release protons, that can be considered as "native" hydrogen atoms.

They associate directly with the surrounding oxygen to form water, H2O.

Electrons and small compounds are equally released, and these compounds bind with others causing an increase in thermic motion and an acceleration of the phenomenon of fission of matter and the creation of water.

Therefore during the first billion years of formation of our planet, huge masses of naturally fissile material present on Earth were transformed into seas and oceans.

The latest observations, beginning in 2013, made by Curiosity on Mars, would confirm this theory, and therefore the presence of water on this planet, and its subsequent disappearance in the billions of years that followed. The present shape of the relief of Mars is very close to this of the sea beds of the great oceans of Earth.

Gigantic layers of "fossil" water are supposed to exist deep in the African subsoil where there are also large reserves of uranium ore. They could date from the early eras of existence of our planet.

In July 2012, we learnt that an immense "very pure" water table was discovered in the deep subsoil of Namibia, an especially arid country. It is supposed to be located below a layer of salt water and is supposed to have existed for "at least ten thousand years." No explanation is given as to its origin. It would be very interesting to know more precisely its age. This information could verify our theory.

Prospecting for water at great depth in the uranium zones of our planet, particularly in Africa, might give useful results.

Could the greening of the Southern part of the African Sahel, which seems to have started in the 1990s with an unexplained increase in rainfall, be due to a general increase in the temperature of our planet, which would have led to a natural breakdown of fissile materials with a rekindling of natural reactors and a production of free protons and water?

Could radon present on Earth especially in granitic and volcanic and uranium-rich regions be a residue of mass disintegration of massifs of uranium ore, with water production?

The "snow" formation of comets is explained in the same way.

5,2, iiii - The Sun Radiations

On Earth, we get radiations coming from the Sun.

The main two types are heat and light. These are different phenomena. They are related for us only because they affect us together when "the sun is up," but the heat comes to us only an hour, approximately, after the light.

Heat is created by electron links that bind together to form progressively larger compounds, up to protons and their fusion into atomic nuclei.

The heat that concerns us comes from the outer part of the star, and spreads throughout the entire solar system. It arrives to us on Earth in about an hour, by convection at a speed of 7-900 kilometres per second, through the elements of solar winds, then through the Earth's atmosphere.

It is our distance from our star that determines the heat we receive and which allowed the evolution of life as we know it.

Light is equally a consequence of very numerous entanglements of electrons in a certain period in the life of the star (main sequence?) forming disturbances of space at frequencies that living beings can use.

"Light" waves reach us…. at light speed, in about eight minutes from the outer regions of the star, where entanglements of electrons take place at corresponding frequencies.

We saw in the previous chapter that the refractions of light rays on the particles of the atmosphere generate for us ‘light’as an illuminating environment, then as images after refraction and absorption on and by the objects with the assistance of our nervous system.

    1. The whole of the Sun radiations shall be analysed separately.

  1. 5,3 — Nuclear Energy

The current exploitation of nuclear energy is based on observations made at the beginning and middle of the 20th century, which seemed to show that the fission of radioactive material produced heat.

This readily fissile material consists of atoms with heavy or very heavy nuclei, in particular uranium and plutonium. Fission of nuclei would result in elements with lighter nuclei, more or less radioactive products, hazardous or lethal to living beings, and heat, the amount of which was estimated very roughly, with the help of some formulas like that of Einstein's E = mc2.

The observations seem misunderstood: it is difficult to determine if the heat is results from the fission of heavy nuclei or from the creation, immediately after, almost at the same time, of new compounds with elements coming from the fission. The explanations of this process are not satisfactory because the laws of "classic" physics are hardly understood when they apply to these unfamiliar elements, such as electrons, protons, atoms…

Fortunately, quantum mechanics has not supplied any explanation.

The Électronisme explains very well, these phenomena.

In ordinary chemistry on Earth modifications and destruction of compounds are very difficult, if not impossible, and always require a large supply of heat (destruction of CO2 is economically unfeasible).

All chemical compositions are exothermic.

Fission of compounds never creates heat: the entanglements of electrons are irreversible and a break of a "gravitic" link always requires that some heat is supplied.

Logically, we cannot admit that the two phenomena, fission and fusion of compounds, produce heat. It's either one or the other that produce it, it cannot be both.

In Chapter III, we quickly explained how compounds and materials are created, including the atoms and molecules.

To understand our exploitation of so called "nuclear energy", we must go back to some points of our explanations.

Only electron links and electron compounds create an increased thermal agitation, and this is simply due to the fact that they regroup in one place larger compounds that in turn create "more" radiation (free compounds being repelled and bounced back).

    1. These rays are the thermic agitation, called heat for sensible living beings and we know that heat always changes, more or less, the concerned elements.

Heavy compounds, such as atomic nuclei, are created only in areas with very strong thermic agitation, such as stars and other space objects. Some of these compounds are maintained, for a long time, and reappear in a nebula billions years later.

During the creation of the solar system, between 5 and 6 billion years ago, some elements of heavy atoms existing in the nebula were brought together and they formed masses of matter by connecting to one another by gravitic links. We know that those links are easily fissionable.

Subsequently these masses were scattered and spread inside forming objects, including our planet and others.

After the creating of our planet, numerous masses of fissile material have deteriorated over a long period by natural reactions connected to the increase in thermic agitation.

Some have generated water, as we have explained above, and other such masses have managed to arrive to us in spite of a constant "deterioration". Some of these masses, placed on the surface of our planet, are exploited for our nuclear power.

    1. In the mines, the «uranium ore» contains a very light percentage of easy fissile elements. They are concentrated and only «yellow cakes», or U308, concentrated of uranium salts, are carried out.

Our present exploitation of nuclear energy begins with the concentration of materials into even more easily fissile elements, and "combustible" bars are made to suit the needs.

In the nuclear plants, they are put in contact more or less rapidly and extensively or abundantly with neutrons that break up naturally quite easily when they are liberated from their atomic nuclei.

These small compounds coming from these neutrons and compounds of gravitic clouds, immediately entangle or bound themselves with the free or not free elements of the fuel, with generation of heat, that is evacuated by the coolant liquid.

This first thermic agitation is an important action in the whole of the process, because it participates into the principal fracture of nuclei, between elements that are graviticly connected, in particular between determined groups of protons and neutrons.

These fissions do not create heat.

However, the compounds that are released, immediately bind to one another, and with those of the environment, and form some new, more stable elements, that are, however, generally still fissile and radioactive, with the main production of heat, which is recovered and used for electric generators or other devices.

    1. It is usually at this stage that free protons combine with oxygen molecules to create water. There is always some water formed in nuclear power plants and this was particularly noted when the accident of the Fukushima reactors occurred.

Many elaborated control devices allow us to obtain a smooth functioning of the phenomenon in question, that is to say, a regular production of both heat and "fission products" which are atoms that have less heavy nuclei, and secondary elements.

Some of them may be radioactive, that is to say that electrons of their compounds can continue to bind with other materials, for example those of living beings, with dangerous consequences for them. An accident or a malfunction of a nuclear plant can spread to the surrounding areas large amounts of elements that are still radioactive, that is to say whose fission is continuing, releasing particles that easily bind with others creating new compounds that are often undesirable, and heat. Ingestion of these elements by living beings that can happen in different ways can be harmful or fatal to them.

According to these explanations, therefore, heat is not produced by fission but by compounds binding together, which could appear to be a fusion of small elements.

No other "fusion" of protons or atomic nuclei is possible under the conditions of matter on our planet.

Radioactive "products" that are considered dangerous to living beings are elements — created in reactors or therapeutic devices, or naturally (such as radon for instance) — , which combine or entangle themselves with specific objects, composing new substances, along with heat (giving a burning sensation to living beings).

They are not contaminated products which could transmit a kind of disease to elements or sensible living beings.

A simple washing with lots of water eliminates, or combines with others, some light "radioactive products". Prolonged contact can be lethal, especially by ingestion, breathing, or from the food chain.

All reports of the accidents in the Fukushima reactors in Japan following the undersea earthquake and tsunami of 11 February 2011, explain very well all these phenomena, in particular the fusion of the cisterns of the nuclear plant in which the temperature, uncontrolled, reached values ​that made the structures melt.

Between 1920 and 1928, scientists discovered a probable production of energy attributed to the "fusion" of atomic nuclei. All the explanations that were given were using quantum mechanics and the Standard Model of particles and interactions, specializations of the Physics which have never got any implication in the explanations of matters of our planet and elsewhere in the Universe.

Some tests were made and the scheduling of experiments accelerated in the fifties with the creation of the first tokamaks and similar devices.

After several years of experimenting, the expected results seemed too hard to reach and these devices were turned off, one after the other.

This increase of thermic agitation during the fusion-bond of the protons in nuclei atoms is real and explained by the Électronisme. But it can be realized only in areas with very high temperature at a level impossible to obtain on our Earth.

Nevertheless with the development of technology and the importance attached by human beings to research of renewable energy sources, an international organisation studies the creation of ITER, a huge contraption, which would be responsible for fifty years, of very complex experiments.

Many problems arise, economic and political and scientific problems that coalesced into an opposition to the project by researchers, including several Nobel Prize winners.

This project still continues and is completed gradually by testing in many countries…

The theory of the phenomena involved is not yet fully understood and problems are not all solved.

Meanwhile, we think that experiments planned for fifty years are not reasonable and that during such a long period, studies and realisations in physics, particularly for the electricity, lots of progress should be done.

ITER could be reoriented to general practical studies for our search of energy. To see here-below.

5,4 — Electricity

We have seen in previous chapters that there is only one energy in the universe. It performs all actions in the same way everywhere in the Universe. This energy is the electricity we use on Earth in the form of electric current

According to Électronisme, electrical charges are all free compounds or compounds already participating in objects, of any size between the primordial level and the level of particles of materials that can be active depending on the circumstances.

To direct these actions, human beings on Earth have created the electric current which is a grouping of certain charges or charged compounds in specific areas considered electric systems or electric circuits.

In Annex III of this essay, we shall endeavour to explain fully electrical current with photovoltaics and semiconductors.

5,5 — Our Search for Energy

We need energy to carry out all our daily activities.

It is in the form of electric current that we use it more easily, according to what we have just explained above.

But we have not yet found a quick and effective way to have this electric current at our disposal.

Practically, we regroup it in current through mechanical devices. We "manufacture" energy, manipulating it in special areas, isolated from the surrounding materials, exactly according to what it is and what happens in the universe, that is to say, the movement of small compounds (charges). The functioning of generators is provided by mechanical movements created by actors that we know how to use: wind, gravity, heat recovered from infra-red radiation, and especially the "electrical chemical reactions," such as combustion, including "nuclear " combustion.

We cannot store energy in reserve in a form that is directly usable by us. Our theory explains this very well.

Oil, timber, dams, uranium, are only ways of storing not electricity but means to obtain electrical energy when we need it.

The future of energy for Human beings must still be researched in the use of the energy charge of the electron.

We still do not know how to do so directly.

The exploitation of fissile material, as it is done in the present state of our knowledge, with its permanent improvements, seems the best method to date to make heat created by the entanglement of electrons, usable.

    1. One of the biggest problems is that of the disposal of radioactive waste. The current difficulties are technical as well as political.

  1. In our explanations, we indicate that the heat is produced by the creating, with fusion or not, of new compounds, as it appears in all the chemical combinations, in which heat is a byproduct often unusable or annoying.

The searches, recently resumed, of what is called «cold fusion», — an hypothetical type of nuclear reaction that would occur at, or near, room temperature—should bring some results:

    1. It is a matter of creating heat, asked byproduct, by forming new compounds, without neither value, nor drawback, even nor use.

    2. It is a different use of all the combustions or oxidizations which provide us in heat while producing CO2, undesirable carbon-dioxide. In our present searches in order to limit the climatic change in our planet and decrease the CO2 production, the combustion of wood and other solid heating means, issued from plants or animal, is no more acceptable.

  1. Other actual searches on graphene should be orientated towards the «production» of an energy directly usable by the Humans.

One of the means could be the creating of matter or material and structures making easier the establishment of special systems for electric current, and all the uses that we presently ask for from electricity, as much as for electronic devises and components than for main widely use of electric power.

Further research may be based on studies of detonation and rapid combustion. Or of other phenomena that we have not yet imagined a utilisation for.

ITER must be reoriented to these new searches, which be direct applications of the ininterrupted searches of the practical physicists and technicians, mainly for nuclear energy and all the applications at high scale of the study of the semiconductors for electricity «of power».

© PhD - January, 9th, 2014

Space objects, water and air, gravitic fields, nuclear energy